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复合句解析,英语教师网
分类:国际教育

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  并列句和着力复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点一

  并列复合句是由七个或三个以上并列而又单独的简单句构成。多个差不离句常由并列连接词连在壹起;但偶尔并非连接词,只在五个简易句之间用壹逗号或分行。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  1.as...as.。。指导的可比级:(一)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被相比对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您同样学习努力。

  贰、常见的并列句:

罗马尼亚(罗曼ia)语不难句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或难题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (一) 用来连接七个并列概念的连接词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往代表先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用以往时。

简简单单句、并列句和复合句

  二.only指点的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (贰) 表示在两者之间接选举取一个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持1致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第三个分句用现在时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有任劳任怨、正直,一位在生活中才能成功。 

  (3) 注解三个概念互相有争持、相反只怕转载, 常用的连日词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态一致。

  1. 简短句只蕴涵二个主谓结构.

  2. 七种简单句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  唯有那位女孩子知道怎么着解那道题。

  (4) 表明原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态壹致。

1) 主 谓. He comes at last.

  三.wish引导的虚拟语气:wish 后边的从句,当代表与真情相反的情况,或代表今后不太恐怕完结的意思时,其宾语从句的动词方式为: 

  (5) 表示结果,用接二连三词so, 前后分句时态壹致。

2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴代表对现市场价格况的虚构:从句动词用过去式或过去举办式表示,be 的千古式用were.   

复合句解析,英语教师网。  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    作者期待精晓这一个标题的答案。(可惜不领会。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵代表对过去意况的虚拟:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

  主从复合句由一个主句和多个或2个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的核心,从句只用作句子的1个附带元素,不可能独立成为2个句子。从句常常由关联词指点,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在联合署名。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(曾祖父曾外祖母们很爱儿女,同时对他们也严谨须求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来不如了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管笔者用什么形式煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  小编后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际寒民间药草浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶代表对南陈的不合理愿望:谓语动词方式为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在那种状态下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够一如既往,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能还是不能够落到实处,取决于从句主语的情态或希望(非动作名词除此而外) 。 

  从句按其在复合句中的作用,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能止住。 

  三、各从句在句子中的地点以及用法:

同等对待句:多个或多少个以上的简要句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够表示请求,平时意味着说话人的忧伤或遗憾。

  (一) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它身处主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者梦想你安然壹些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

  1. 代表顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  四.it方式宾语:和it 作情势主语一样,  大家常用it 来作格局宾语, 把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种地方更为出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (二) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他表明他不会投降。 

  一大旨情势:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  2 关于宾语从句连词的选项:

  1. 意味着选拔涉及和否定条件的有or(依旧,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。我们越害怕困难,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自三个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that可以简单;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点二

  若从句出自二个一般疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  1. 宾语从句:1般难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

  若从句出自1个相当疑问句,则连词便是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 代表转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信总括机终将代替人类。) (从句本来正是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (作者不亮堂是或不是该为他在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall Isay something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问小编在何方能搞到那么的药。) (从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.就算他年轻,但做事大力。

  二. 原因状语从句:since引导的

  3宾语从句的时态难点:如若主句是明日时,从句则用现时某如今态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 代表因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则对应地行使过去某权且态,境遇客观真理时依然用今日时。如:I think I will do better in English this term. (小编想本学期作者的斯洛伐克共和国(The Slovak Republic)语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问那些男孩地球是否圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 作者的腿疼,由此作者去看医师。

  3. 否定词后置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  肆 下列结构前边的从句壹般也视作宾语从句看待:

考试场点叁 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (可能他此时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的指点词

  四. If虚拟条件句

  (三) 状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其地点能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分为时间、地点、原因、目标、结果、相比、妥协、条件等两种。状语从句由从属连接词引导。

(一)指导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中平时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

  时间状语从句日常由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等引导。时间状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不容许选取现在时,而相应用明天时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with Sam. (你完成工作就足以出去和吉姆1起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (阿妈回来了自己才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  五. 宾语从句:放在介词后边,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句普通由 where, wherever等带领。如:Go back where you came from! (何地来还滚到哪个地方去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (作者永久也不会遗忘去抓住这个偷笔者项链的贼,无论她会在哪儿。)

(贰) 教导1般难点句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  原因状语从句日常由because, since, as等引导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为他老爸给她找了一所好大学。)

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  陆.状语从句简单(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语壹致,状从简单采取分词作者状语。例句:

  目标状语从句普通由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等教导,往往放在句尾,从句中国和东瀛常含有can / could / may / might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他出发更早为的是碰见第二班车。)

(3) 辅导特殊疑问句,要用原来的例外疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句普通由 so that..., so...that... 等指引,放在句尾。结果状语从句1般代表曾经发出的事务,故多为过去时态。如:He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆车子,他控制再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点3

新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的八个句子成为并列句。

  相比较状语从句普通由as, than, as (so)...as等指点,壹般大约从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比作者高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (作者书未有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者情形适用于后世”。例句:

  退让状语从句日常由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等引导。如:伊芙n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (纵然你替笔者还了债作者也不会多谢你,因为它与本身毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件奶头布衫,即使天非常的冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as longas等教导,条件状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不容许行使以往时,而应当用现时时替代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (即将赶到的期末考试你势必考不如格,除非你更用心。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (假使后天不降雨大家就要去徒步旅行。)

(一)主句是相似以往时,壹般以后时或祈使句,宾语从句可依照实际需求选取各样时态。

  叁.定语从句 who辅导的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意] 1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在3个句子中成对现身。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教大家保加利亚语的相当女孩吧?

  2、时间、条件、原因,妥洽状语从句放在句首时供给用逗号与主句隔离。

(二) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应选取过去时的照应时态。

  伍.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (四) 定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  四.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  壹 定语从句的职责:放在名词或代词的末尾。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了1把雨伞的人是自笔者的岳父。)

(3) 倘若宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用哪些时态,从句都用壹般今后时。

  伍.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  ②语法术语的更动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;教导定语从句的总是词称为关系词,在那之中that、which、who称为涉嫌代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的不一样之处在于,now that 引出的必须是叁个新面世的真情或情形,如若如故仍旧,和千古相比并不曾生成,则毫不 now that 辅导。

  三 关系代词或涉及副词的成效:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把具有资料都准备好了,大家理应顿时初阶那项新的行事。

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中能够作主语或宾语。定语从句中涉嫌代词作者从句宾语时方可回顾。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (这么些就是我们近日直接在找的窃贼。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找1间充足大能住下我们全部的房间。)

一)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  7. 原因状从:for的用法。由because 引导的从句要是身处句末,且前边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for 来替代。但只要不是印证间接原因,而是三种境况再说估摸,就只好用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他前几日没来,因为他生病了。

  关系副词when或where辅导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地方状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (那是1个礼拜前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (笔者永远不会忘记第三回探望您的生活。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  八. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  4限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不能够不难,不然主句意思就不完全。非限制性定语从句和主句之间往往用逗号分开,那种从句是壹种附加表达,借使从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的意思。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她二个夜晚都在座谈她多年来的书,大家一个人都未曾耳闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  九. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  一、关系代词只可以用that的景色:

3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 合营化的优点在于能推进相互竞争。

  超越行词是指事物的兵连祸结代词(all, anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不能够用别的的涉及代词,只好用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉自个儿的话就好像不实事求是。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能或不能够给本人点里面未有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (那是第2辆运营于作者市的双层公共交通车。)

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  十. 不定式:不定式做目标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  二、关系代词在从句中作主语时相似用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认识那一个在角落里哭泣的女性吧?) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟本身无关的话,请一个字也不用说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.

  叁、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词日常省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (汤姆的父亲是大家教育工作者先是个开口的人。)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  4、当提到代词紧跟在介词后边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又有什么不可选取that或who.

一.地址状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的屋子。)

地址状语从句日常由 where 引导。

  (5) 主语从句:在句子中出任句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词从前。经常由that,whether以及难题连词指点。一般景况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When we should start is still a question. (大家该在什么样时候起首依旧个难点呢。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  1、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原本的言辞,称为直接引语。在书写时,直接引语用引号。用本人的用语来转述表明原来说话人说的始末,称为直接引语。

二.小时状语从句(主句用以往时,从句用1般今后时)

  贰、直接引语改变为直接引语:

日子状语从句的辅导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等

  一、直接引语假设是陈述句,变为直接引语时应小心以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  壹不用引号,而用延续词that,但有时候可归纳。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  2人誉为相应变更;

叁.规则状语从句

  叁主句里的动词如若是病故时,直接引语中的时态1般应作相应改变: 一般以后时变壹般过去时;1般现在时变过去以后时;今后进行时变过去实行时;以往形成时改为过去做到时;一般过去时改为过去实现时;但貌似过去时如与三个实际的千古时间连用,则时态不变。

在基准状语从句中,常用的辅导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

本文由威澳门尼斯人31188发布于国际教育,转载请注明出处:复合句解析,英语教师网

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