Boredom traditionally has a bad reputation。 In 2009， a study of 7，524 civil servants found that those with the highest levels of boredom were nearly 40% more likely to have died by the end of the 25-year trial， compared with those who weren’t bored。 The bored civil servants were also more prone to rate their health worse and to be less active and have more menial jobs。 The authors speculated that boredom and inactivity might drive people to drink more heavily and smoke –activities not related to longevity。
Do You Bite Your Nails? It Might Mean You're A Perfectionist
Being bored can spur people’s creativity — partly to escape the horrible, frustrated, and meaningless feeling of boredom — recent studies find。近年来的钻探开掘，无聊可以激发人们的创建力，进而在一定水平上逃离可怕的，令人心寒的，无意义的无聊感。
双语阅读，爱咬指甲是完美主义者的标志。It could even be true at work。专门的学问中乃至也是那般。
Boredom is often defined as a state of dissatisfaction with the dullness of a situation – usually with a bit of restlessness and fatigue。 So it may seem counterintuitive that researchers are suggesting boredom might have benefits， and， indeed， be an evolutionary insurance scheme for making us seek new experiences。 A series of studies from the University of Virginia， published in the journal Science in 2014 found that 18 out of 42 students who were left in a room with nothing to do for 15 minutes gave themselves at least one mild shock on the ankle to alleviate the boredom。 The authors concluded that people would rather do something unpleasant than nothing。
Are you mindlessly twisting your hair or biting your nails as you read
this article? New research from the University of Montreal suggests that
compulsive behaviors like these might say more about your personality
than you think.
People who are generally impatient, or who get bored or frustrated easily, are more likely to engage in repetitive body-focused behaviors such as skin-picking, nail-biting or eyelash-pulling, the researchers found.
The study, published in the March issue of the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, points to perfectionism - a trait that can be more damaging than many people realize - as an underlying cause.
“We believe that individuals with these repetitive behaviors may be perfectionistic, meaning that they are unable to relax and to perform task at a ‘normal’ pace," Dr. Kieron O'Connor, professor of psychiatry at the university and the study's lead author, said in a press release Tuesday. "They are therefore prone to frustration, impatience, and dissatisfaction when they do not reach their goals. They also experience greater levels of boredom.”
In the study, the researchers worked with 48 participants, half of whom regularly engaged in these types of behaviors. The other participants, who didn't engage in these behaviors, acted as a control group. The participants were asked questions about the extent to which they experienced emotions like boredom, anger, guilt, irritability and anxiety. Then, each participant was exposed to situations designed to provoke particular feelings (including relaxation, stress, frustration and boredom). In the boredom scenario, for instance, the subject was simply left alone in a room for six minutes.
Participants with a history of fidgety, body-focused behaviors reported greater urges to engage in those behaviors when they were feeling stressed and frustrated. But they didn't report feeling those urges while they were relaxing.
If you do bite your nails from time to time, there's no need to worry - you're probably not doing much harm. In fact, the researchers say that such behaviors serve a temporary purpose when we're not able to channel our energy more productively.
"The positive effects of the habits are stimulation and a (maladaptive) way of regulating emotion," O'Connor said in an email to The Huffington Post. "What triggers the habit is largely frustration and impatience so the action substitutes for more constructive action."
Psychologists at the University of Central Lancashire had participants copy numbers out of the telephone book for 15 minutes, while others went straight into a standard creativity task (Mann & Cadman, 2012)。中心兰开夏大学的心境学家们让参加者延续15分钟抄写电话本中的号码，而其余尘间接进入规范的创设力测量检验。(曼恩 & Card曼， 2012)
Both groups were asked to come up with as many different uses as they could for a polystyrene cup.The group that were more bored came up with the most uses。两组参加者都被要求尽量多地想出茶杯的例外用法，而更无聊的那一组想出的办法更加的多。
So whatever happened to daydreaming？ A study from the University of Central Lancashire links a period of boredom with heightened creativity immediately afterwards。 It is not the most robust study： 40 people copied numbers from a telephone directory for 15 minutes and then had to come up with different uses for a pair of polystyrene cups。 Their ideas were rated more creative than those of 40 people who didn’t do the boring task first。 Another group， who read the numbers， were even more creative with the cups than those who wrote them out。 Dr Sandi Mann， one of the authors， concluded that we should embrace boredom “to enhance our creativity”。
Dr Sandi Mann, one of the study’s authors said:此篇钻探小说的小编之一，Sandy-曼恩博士说：